Banking and Finance Law

What Is CPI And The Impact Of The Latest Inflation Number In The US?


Inflation tends to be still higher in the United States over its ideal levels. However, the inflation numbers have been lower compared to the previous two years.

In this article, we will discuss what CPI is and how the latest inflation rate has an impact on the economy of the United States. 

What Is CPI?

CPI or Consumer Price Index is used for measuring the monthly changes in prices that are paid by customers residing in the United States. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is responsible for the calculation of CPI as a weighted standard of prices for a category of goods and products that are within the aggregate of spending in the United States. 

The CPI is one of the most popular measures for calculating inflation and deflation within an economy. The report of CPI makes use of various survey methodologies, price samples, and index weights. This is more than the producer price index (PPI) that is used for measuring prices received by producers of goods and services in the US. 

The Eight Major Groups Of Calculating CPI 

There are eight major groups of consumer spending areas in the United States that are used by CPI for calculating inflation or deflation within an area. These eight areas are as follows: 

  1. Housing
  2. Apparel
  3. Transportation 
  4. Education and communication 
  5. Food and beverages 
  6. Medical care 
  7. Recreation 
  8. Other goods and services 

Impact Of The Latest Inflation Numbers On United States Consumers

The CPI report that was released on Wednesday provided a piece of promising information for households within the United States. This information is that the inflation levels in the US are above its ideal levels, but it seems to have been decreasing. This means various prices of goods and services in various industries will be easing, meaning prices will be reduced. 

According to the report that has been developed for the purpose of comparing the prices of urban customers. Over time, the overall CPI was estimated at 0.2% from June to May. On the other hand, it was at 3% in the previous year in June 2022. This is the lowest annual rate of inflation that has been in months and represents an abrupt decline from the annual rate from last year’s June, which was at 9.1%. 

However, core inflation rates in the United States seem to stay at a slightly higher rate of 4.8%. In spite of this, the core inflation rate has been the lowest since October 2022.

Economists analyzing and measuring inflation within the United States economy have noted that the interest rates of the Fed are yet to increase, with officials who are already poised to make another hike later in the summer of 2023. 

This is regarding a decrease in the overall inflation levels of the United States economy by 2%. The report of CPI is considered one of the recent developments that tend to point in favor of the United State’s skirting a recession and leading to potential aggressive rate hikes while moving forward. 

Consumer Price Index (CPI) Vs. Unemployment 

In a wider sense, unemployment and CPI tend to be inversely related. But this is not the case in every economy. The Federal Reserve often has attempted to decrease a metric while balancing the other metric. 

For instance, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Federal Reserve took unprecedented supervisory and regulatory actions to stimulate the economy. Due to this, the labor market strengthened and returned to its pre-pandemic state by March 2022. 

Moreover, this stimulus led to the occurrence of higher CPI calculations in decades of the United States economy. As a result of this, it has been noted that the Federal Reserve has been involved in increasing interest rates and tapering asset purchases. 

However, these measures taken by the Federal Reserve tend to slow economic growth, which will make it increasingly expensive for customers to acquire debt and increase the money supply growth. 

On the other hand, increased additional expenses might lead to a burden on households and tend to make companies less profitable. So, when the federal reserve tends to lower the rate of CPI, it leads to the unintentional risk of rising unemployment levels. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What is the current CPI in the United States?

The annual change in CPI has been 3.0% in the past 12 months period ending in the month of June 2023. On the other hand, it has been an increase of 0.2% from the previous month. 

How is CPI used?

The CPI is a method that is being used for the purpose of indicating inflation that is closely monitored by policymakers and financial markets. A related measure for CPI is used for calculating the cost of living adjustments for federal benefits payments. 

How is CPI calculated? 

The CPI is calculated based on the weighted average of the prices of the items in the market basket. The current period prices are compared to the prices from a base period, which is usually the average of prices from a three-year period. The percentage change in the average price of the market basket from the base period to the current period is the inflation rate as measured by the CPI.

And It’s A Wrap

The consumer price index, or CPI, is a vital financial metric for calculating inflation and deflation within the nation. It is used for calculating the prices that are paid by customers in the United States over time for a variety of goods and services. 

The index is calculated and published by the BLS every month of a financial year and is considered one of the most used metrics for calculating risks and inflation within the economy. It is also used for acquiring common knowledge regarding the direction of the economy. It also serves other needs like adjustment regarding payment of incomes within factors like social security and pensions for federal civil service retirees. 

Hope you have found this article helpful and informative.

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Jyoti Jha
Jyoti Jha is a freelance SEO content writer for tech , health, and education-related content. With 5 years of experience in the industry, I am creating high-quality content that captivates readers and delivers value.

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